This article is continued from previous article, Space: Ascendents Sphere of Stars (AAC-1). There are questions of if it's accurate to classify AAC-1 as a dome-shaped open cluster, where stars are locked in tight gravitational bound orbits, or if it's something else entirely. It's been awakening realizing how its center is extremely close, out of everywhere in the galaxy, as if humans have something to do with it. The feature is similar to a galactic stellar halo, except that it isn't, because of its center's eerie/close proximity to the Solar System. The Ascendents Sphere (AAC-1) should not be confused with the Milky Way Galaxy (AAC-10), the Milky Way Galactic Halo (AAC-11), or the Milky Way Galactic Core (AAC-12).
For the Ascendents Sphere (AAC-1), how many star dome stars (Ascendents) there are depends on when the counting stops, because for several light years on both the inside and outside of the sphere, large stars influence AAC-1's gravity. It's easy estimate tens or hundreds of thousands, if not millions of stellar objects, because a square with 100 stars dome stars, is negligible to the significant amount of stars making the entire Ascendents Sphere.
A 2000 year time-lapse photo reveals, in relation to each other, little movement of AAC-1 stars. Other than a few starts here and there, for the most part, stellar positions haven't changed. For being tiny bright dots over 900 light years away, in the grand perspective, they hardly move. Over 100,000 years, it becomes more significant as Ben Burress from KQED said, "it would take Barnards' Star (the star with the fastest proper motion in our skies [at this time]) about 350 years to move one pinky-width across the sky." Barnard's Star is one of the nearest stellar objects to Sol, it takes finer precision to measure movement for more distant objects.
If there is enough inertia, perhaps the star dome, or maybe the entire Ascendents Sphere itself actually has a rotation period. Larger intervals of time could eventually drastically change the region by turning stellar features like Ptolomy's Cluster (M 7 / AAC-7) to face closer to the center or to the edge of the Milky Way Galaxy.
Ptolemy's Cluster (AAC-7 / M 7) is located in Scorpio, but the actual group of blue stars are located to the right of the constellation's brightest lone stars, above Ophuchius, and left of Sagittarius. The Ascendents Sphere (AAC-1) stars might have orbits, but they don't quite appear to flow or migrate -- as M 7 is still where M 7 is. From a galactic perspective, since 2000 years ago when Ptolemy named the blue star cluster now also known as M 7 / AAC-7, the stars were almost in the same place.
The discovery of the Ascendents Sphere (AAC-1) has opened the door to a new world of questions about the nature of existence and how our individual interpretations light perspectives, inspire visions, and give us a better understanding of how everything connects. Contributions answer questions, bring peace, and create satisfaction. Postmodernism has been a threshold for a new age of thinking that can blind people to believe they already know everything, however; now it's more obvious that by taking a step back and understanding how the experts of the past, even with their limited technology, also had right perspectives; there are both -- new and old truths to be learned and relearned for the record. The Ascendents Sphere is quite the astronomic phenomenon; and for some reason with us as humans beings at the center, it seems the discovery strongly relates to anthropology (the study of humans and the human experience), as well as many other aspects to life and science.
The Keith star system (AAC-2) is a binary star system was discovered in Aug-2022, watching behaviors of closely positioned blue giant stars, Camille (AAC-2-1 / HD 162678) and Kyle (AAC-2-2 / HD 162679). The star system is located on the star dome of the Ascendents Sphere (AAC-1) and also is at the middle of Ptolemy's Cluster (M 7 / AAC-7).
For a star as Camille (AAC-2-1), whose day lasts for over 2 Earth-months, Kyle (AAC-2-2) scrambling around to accomplish an entire revolution in a 16 Earth-hour day may seem foolish. Sometimes they space each other. Neighbor stars sort-of attract them, but not so much as they are a lot more distant; others' gravitational pull, temperature, and light doesn't really have the same meaningful and direct effect.
The, "year length," for the stars to orbit each other remains unknown, orbits of binary stars have been at the edge of discovery even for the Alpha Centauri system stars (consensus for Rigil Kentaurus and Toliman orbit is every 79 years), however; for Proxima, .2 light years is a fairly significant distance for an orbit radius and is calculated at around 430 Neptune orbits of 165 Earth-years. Some orbits are faster than others, but with using that information, if Camille and Kyle actually orbit, it might be estimated nearly every 700 Neptune orbits (once roughly every few hundred thousand Earth-years), because if circular it has to travel about 1.88 light years; therefore the models that predict tidal lock can't be true, because it would be impossible for the stars to complete their orbit in only 72 days as they would have to be traveling faster than the speed of light.
However, by understanding that even Proxima causes precession (wobble) for the rest of the Alpha Centauri system, in 2016 Ken Croswell for New Scientist relayed from Pierre Kervella at the Paris Observatory in France, "that’s the reason why it is possible now to be sure that there is a gravitational link between Proxima and Alpha Centauri." Moreover, "the work reveals Proxima’s orbit for the first time. The star revolves once every 550,000 years on an elliptical path." Compared with Proxima being a tenth the size of Rigil Kentaurus, Kyle is about two-thirds the size of Camille and is considerable mass for their system's barycenter.
Camille and Kyle are only 0.3247 light years (20,534 AU) apart, where-as Alpha Centauri (one of the brighter stars in Earth's night sky) is 4.367 light years away, over 13 times more distant. Neighboring stars are everywhere continuing about their orbits, there is a balance and they never get closer or more distant than their orbits allow. No parts of any other known stellar orbits extend to the Keith star system or get closer than the two stars. Alpha Centauri is a much dimmer, smaller, and colder star system than Keith. The two closest stars of α Cen are very close, 23 AU from Rigel Kentaurus to Toliman (α Cen B) is only the distance from Sol to Uranus.
Way back in August of 1982, research of HD 162679 (Kyle) was provided by NASA Astrophysics Data Systems and published to, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific p, Vol. 94, p. 692-694 (1982). H.G. Luna doesn't seem to mention Camille (HD 162678) on the opposite side of Kyle. (Kyle is closer to Sol, Camille is almost eclipsed, closer to the outside of the Ascendents Sphere [AAC-1]). At the time, maybe in an earlier star catalog, Kyle's closeness to Camille (HD 162678) star hadn't actually been discovered yet. The article itself confirmed variable polarization which had suggested it may be part of a binary system, "we conclude that while intrinsic variable polarization has been found in HD 162679, there is no satisfactory conclusion about its nature," and continued saying, "more spectroscopic, polarimetric, and photometric data with good time resolution are needed to check if a close binary system of short period is responsible for the observed variable polarization."
It's rare for small blue giants/super giants to revolve slowly, when comparing to other blue stars, Camille (class B9II) spins less, more like a miniature version of blue supergiant Rigel (ß Orion) (class B8I-a), where-as similar in luminosity, day-length, and surface temperature, Kyle (class B9V) is more like blue giants Algol (class B7V) and Regulus (B8IV).
It can be love/hate, because the two binary stars can't escape each other, however; there is peace in knowing that for hundreds of millions of years they are going to shine together, and comfort in knowing they share a connection and have a relationship others wouldn't understand. Even though it's difficult not to wonder if and how they could ever break orbits, there doesn't really seem to be any doubt in expecting for the stars of Keith to keep revolving.
The neighbor stars are not nearly as close, but they still try to throw around their weight. Maybe other stars seem jealous they don't have a stellar companion that is so bright and so close, and they are envious of spectacular views from the Camille and Kyle; because as mentioned not only are the two stars in the center of Ptolemy's Cluster (M 7 / AAC-7), the star system is also directly on the boundary of the Ascendents Sphere (AAC-1).
While having more depth and being twice as luminous of a star, it isn't always about being hot on the surface even though Camille's surface temperature of 10,300 K is twice as hot as Sol. Somehow, for Keith's smaller star being almost half as luminious, maybe all that extra energy from spinning, seeming denser, and having less surface area are reasons why Kyle at 10,700 K is even a little bit hotter. For being so hot, they both actually are really cool stars (there are distant fast-burning stars with surface temperatures over 200,000 K). Compared with Sol's radius, they are 5.6 rSun (Camille) and 3.6 rSun (Kyle). Both stars are very bright -- Camille is 209x more luminous than Sol, Kyle is 109x more luminious than Sol.
Days revolve slowly for Camille and Kyle revolves over 108 times faster. Every 72 Earth-days, there is a best day. Every 16 Earth-hours there is a best hour; that is true even during their system's 72 Earth-day birthday (possibly once every few hundred thousand Earth-years [if it's also a best day]). Like for the Moon to a place on Earth, there's always a leave and an approach, a waning and a waxing, a sunset and a sunrise. Losing and winning is a cycle of existence, stars repeat their orbits and revolutions. Camille is a brighter and bigger star with almost twice the depth, as Kyle revolves reflecting changes all around the galaxy. Maybe they both have turns being right. As for what happens after hundreds of millions of years, see it the right way and it'll also go right.
If wondering why the larger star is Camille (AAC-2-1) and Kyle (AAC-2-2) is the smaller star, that actually wasn't going to be the reality, except before typing the names, they were switched at the last second, because as Kyle Keith's journey has also led to the incredible discovery of AAC-1 Ascendents Sphere [leading to the development of the Ascendents Astronomy Catalog (AAC)]; that while the blue giants burn 100x faster than the sun, it was decided for the remainder of the two stars' 100+ million year life expectancies (and forever after that), with the greater interest and presence for astronomers, Camille should be the bigger, brighter, better-documented, and first-mentioned Keith star. The stars' close proximity to each other raises the probability for the fate of the stars to nova, or because of their current gravitational role, supernova.
Most changes to the AAC are updates adding new space objects or charting previously incomplete list information, however; sometimes new research leads to documenting the change of information, such as updating stellar distances and outlining the possible reasoning for previous false assumptions. This article helps preserve that trail of information discovery.
• Added AAC-32 Serpens Dwarf (Pal 5)
• Named AAC-99 "Lastone" (HIP 30627)
• Added AAC-82 (NGC 6522)
• Added AAC-84 (NGC 6528)
• Added AAC-89 (NGC 6558)
• Mean distances for AAC-89, AAC-84, AAC-82 to determine edge of Milky Way Galactic Core (AAC-12)
• Added Table of Contents / Legend
• Added Milky Way Galaxy Galactic Core (AAC-12)
• To avoid name conflicts, entire catalog prefix and articles were changed from ASC to AAC
• Added η Sgr (AAC-3), V1721 Sgr (AAC-4), HD 162630 (AAC-5), and TYC 7386-463-2 (AAC-6)
• Added Milky Way Galaxy Galactic Halo (AAC-11)
• Added V951 Sco (AAC-1-Sco-1), V957 Sco (AAC-1-Sco-2), V958 Sco (AAC-1-Sco-3), V959 Sco (AAC-1-Sco-4)
• Added Milky Way Galaxy (AAC-10)
• Added naming convention notes
• Added introduction for Ascendents Sphere
• Researched catalog items with unknown distances
• Created notes column
• Created update notes
• Added 20 stellar objects, 2 discoveries: AAC-1 and AAC-2
• Started the Ascendents Space Catalog (ASC)
2nd brightest Sco in M 7, almost aligned with AAC-2, also is AAC-7-Sco-1
Brightest Sco in M 7, also is AAC-7-Sco-2
In M 7, also is AAC-7-Sco-3
In M 7, also is AAC-7-Sco-4
Keith System Barycenter
Intersection of Ascendents Sphere (AAC-1) and Ptolemy's Cluster (M 7 / AAC-7), also is AAC-1-1 and AAC-7-1
Also is TYC 7386-92-1
Also is TYC 7386-463-1
Stellar neighborhood aligned near Sol from M 7 / AAC-7, also is η Sgr and HIP 89642
Midpoint between Sol and M 7 / AAC-7, also is HIP 88022
Late Scorpio, opposite Auriga
Milky Way Galaxy
Distance to edge of 105,700 ly Milky Way Galaxy disc
Milky Way Galactic Halo
Gas halo of Milky Way Galaxy
Milky Way Galactic Core
Giant feature at center of 105,700 ly Milky Way Galaxy
Galactic feature perpendicular to Milky Way Galaxy
Globular cluster for measuring distance to Milky Way Galactic Core, also is GCI 32
Globular cluster for measuring distance to Milky Way Galactic Core, also is GCI 82, VDBH 256
Globular cluster for measuring distance to Milky Way Galactic Core, also is GCI 84, VDBH 257
Globular cluster for measuring distance to Milky Way Galactic Core, also is GCI 89, VDBH 259
Huge star for measuring distance to edge of Milky Way disc
Note: To be part of the AAC-1 designation, a star must be located on or close enough to the dome, a reasonable proportion for its significance. Other objects relevant for studying can have a different catalog number, such as AAC-7 which is Ptolemy's star cluster that is its own feature to be studied separately from AAC-1. Some stars, however; may be part of both the sphere and the star cluster -- those stars have multiple designations and the names are interchangeable. When a star has multiple AAC identifiers, the preferred star name to reference for documentation is the shortest and easiest to type for the letters and numbers on a standard American QWERTY keyboard. Ascendents Sphere stars (The Ascendents) are conventionally named with the AAC-1 prefix, followed by their constellations, and the count when it was discovered as part of the Ascendents Sphere. For example: The first sphere discovery in Canis Major (CMa), the star "18 CMa" also is "AAC-1-CMa-1."
• Searchable dynamic database with category selector
• Periodic downloadable CSV exports
• API to retrieve individual object CSV data Tip: For now, to get a CSV file of the AAC table, copy-and-paste the HTML table of AAC objects to a spreadsheet program (newer versions can automatically convert the copy-and-paste data to spreadsheet/export CSV format).
Ascendents Sphere Introduction
The Ascendents refers to a dome of stars in a giant spherical star system (AAC-1) that surrounds Earth and the Solar System. In every direction, the Ascendents Sphere star dome is about 913 light years away, therefore the dome itself is over 1800 light years in diameter. The pattern of influence by the Ascendents Sphere extends much farther outward than the boundary of the sphere (the star line). For perspective, the Milky Way Galaxy is over 100,000 light years in diameter. Our nearest star system, Alpha Centauri is only 4 light years away.
Grasping the magnitude of this discovery is an incredible feeling, it's absolutely insane being part to advancing a paradigm of universal understanding. Deep into knowing as past humans started to know, nearly 1900 years ago, 130 AD Ptolemy discovered a significant blue star cluster that pierces the 2022-discovered Ascendents Sphere (AAC-1). Since the late-1700's Ptolemy's Cluster has been referenced as Messier Object (M 7) and it's relevant enough to also be called AAC-7.
Here are some notable Ascendents Sphere (AAC-1) stars that also are part of constellations. Ascendents Sphere stars (The Ascendents) are named with the AAC-1 prefix, followed by their constellations, and the count when it was discovered as part of the Ascendents Sphere.
For example: The first sphere discovery in Canis Major (CMa), the star "18 CMa" is also "AAC-1-CMa-1."
More about exploring the Ascendents Sphere (AAC-1)
Most of its stars appear around 913 light years away from the sphere center, which is near or at Sol. The majority of AAC-1 stars are small stars similar to Sol, the star of our Solar System. Unless viewing from the perfect distance, the only way to see the sphere is to be at the wall and look parallel with it so the stars reveal a sharp spherical/circular outline. If anybody lives in the many sphere boundary stars -- as part of the spherical web, they have several neighbors within only a few light years. Therefore if there is life, it would be reasonable for those sphere stars to first contact each other before trying to reach AAC-1's center. Once every thousand years, using light, Sol can communicate with the sphere and the sphere can also answer once every thousand years, so a message and a response is approximately 2000 light years away.